Exterior Painting & Staining
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Exterior Painting Process
Exterior Staining Process

High-Pressure Washing   The entire house will be cleaned with a high-pressure wash.  In extreme cases a chemical cleaner may be used on the house to achieve maximum cleansing.  Pressure washing will remove any dirt and mildew on the house.  In addition, loose paint will be removed.  Pressure washing will leave a clean surface for the new paint to adhere to.  Be cautious of any painting contractor that does not include a thorough high-pressure washing in the proposal.  The house will be allowed to dry out for a least a day before any painting will begin.


Hand Scrap Loose Paint   Any peeling or loose paint on the house that was not removed by the high-pressure washing will be hand scraped.  Many times pressure washing will cause the paint to peel further and hand scraping is needed to properly prepare the new surfaces for painting.  This is one of the most important parts of the job.


Priming   This is another important area that needs to be addressed before painting starts.  All bare wood surfaces and stains will be primed with either a latex-based "Peel Stop" primer or an oil-based primer.  Both primers may be used depending on the conditions.  The latex-based "Peel Stop" primer acts like a primer and a glue to actually bond the edges of the peeling paint to the bare wood.  This helps to stop peeling areas from peeling further in the future.  Oil-based primers soak into new wood better and are also used on rusting areas, such as around gas meter, prior to painting.  The oil-based primer works better in keeping the steel gas meters, and other steel surfaces from rusting.  Note in the picture below the amount of priming.  In this case the efflorescence was treated, sealed and primed.  Click on the image below to enlarge.

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Recess Loose Nails   Any nails that have loosened their way from the house will either be replaced or recessed back into the siding.  By recessing loose nails, the siding joints will be tighter and will aid with the caulking to completely seal the house.  This not only reduces energy bills but also keeps the siding from flexing, which can cause caulking to split prematurely.  When Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. replaces siding or does any carpentry work, ring shank nails can be used which can slide into the wood but the arrow shaped rings keeps them from loosening back out over time.


Caulking   Old cracked and loose caulking will be removed and replaced with a premium Siliconized Acrylic Latex Caulking.  In many cases the original caulking is insufficient and not only leads to higher energy bills, but also may allow water into joints which can cause the siding to rot.  This is especially true for many of the homes with Hardboard siding.  Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. specializes in siding replacement so we are highly skilled at knowing where these problem areas are.  As a result, we ensure the entire house is completely caulked on every job.  All joints, seams and punctured nail holes will be caulked.  If you want a quick caulking job, then Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. is not the contractor for you.  We can also use a highly flexible polyurethane sealant such as Vulkem 116  or OSI Quad sealant.  Note in the picture below how the 4x8 Hardboard siding is completely caulked around all edges, with the exception of the bottom edge to prevent moisture from becoming trapped behind the panel.  Click on the image below to enlarge.

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Masking   Before any painting is started we mask and/or cover any areas that are not to be painted, such as brick, concrete or doors and windows.  If the windows are clad, they will be masked.  If they are wood then the glass panes may be masked or painted and scraped clean after the window is painted.  Some items such as doorbells, lights, or address numbers may be taken down.  These items will be put back in place before the job is completed.  To see how a house is masked click on the image below to enlarge.  

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Painting   At this point the actual painting will begin.  The entire house will be painted as outlined in the job contract.  One area that we pay special attention to is the edge of any Hardboard siding where it meets the foundation.  Not only are these areas caulked but we also are meticulous about ensuring they are properly painted.  Sealing these areas when the house has Hardboard siding is critical in helping to reduce future swelling and rotting.  Depending on the type of paint and the method of application 1-2 coats may be required.  Paint may be applied with a brush, roller, airless sprayer or any combination of the above.  Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. primarily uses Sherwin Williams SuperPaint in a Satin finish, which carries a 25-year warrantySatin paint offers better water repellency characteristics than a Flat paint, is more durable, and allows for easier cleaning.  You can easily wash down the side of the house with a garden hose to remove dust buildup over the years.  Exterior finishes available are as follows:


    • Flat   This is the original finish for most homes; it hides flaws and swollen wood and siding well, but it not as durable as Satin.
    • Satin   This finish has a slight sheen.  It is also more durable and easier to clean than a Flat paint.  It may highlight rotted or swollen areas more than a Flat paint.  Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. can repair these areas prior to repainting.  Note:  the house in the picture below is finished with Sherwin Williams SuperPaint in Satin.
    • Semi-Gloss   This finish is glossier than Satin and is primarily used for trim work such as front doors.
    • Gloss   This finish is not generally used in exterior applications.

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Sherwin Williams SuperPaint in a Satin finish, with the sun reflecting off the front of the house.  Click on image to enlarge.



Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. Stains the Following Items:

  • Decks
  • Gazeboes
  • Play sets
  • Retaining Walls
  • CCA Treated Lumber Encapsulation

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Click on photo to enlarge.  The deck is finished with TWP in CedarTone color.


High-Pressure Washing   The entire surface to be stained will be cleaned with a high-pressure wash.  In cases where the wood has weathered, grayed, or has mildew and algae we will use a chemical cleaner called Cuprinol Revive Deck & Siding Brightener, to help restore the wood to it's natural color and kill the algae.  Pressure washing will leave a clean surface for the new stain to adhere to while helping brighten the wood.  A complete and thorough high-pressure washing is imperative if you want a finish that will last more than a few months.  Be cautious of any painting contractor that does not include this washing in the proposal.  The surfaces will be allowed to dry out for a least a day before any staining will begin.  When selecting a color or finish for your deck keep in mind that a clear finish has a limited amount of UV protection.  This means that most clear finishes will last only a year at best, before they need to be refinished.  The deck in the photo above was finished with TWP (Total Wood Protectant) in CedarTone color.  The pigmentation in the color greatly adds to the UV protection of the finish.  The CedarTone color simulates a natural cedar-like finish.


Recess Raised Nails   Any nails that have loosed their way up will either be replaced or recessed back into the surface.  When Scott's Painting & Staining Inc. repairs areas of a deck or fence, we can use ring shank nails, which slide into the wood but have arrow shaped rings to keep them from loosening back out over time.


Sand Rough Edges   Any rough areas of wood will be sanded smooth as specified in the job contract.  Major sanding is not usually performed; rather a light sanding that allows loose splinters to be removed to give the finished wood a smoother surface.


Masking   Before any staining is started we mask and/or cover any areas that are not to be stained, such as the side of the house, steel or glass railings, and surrounding areas.


Staining   At this point the actual staining will begin.  All surfaces will be completely encapsulated as outline in the job contract.  CCA Treated Lumber (Chromated Copper Arsenate), also known as Green Treated Lumber, Brown Treated Lumber, and Pressure-Treated Lumber, has hazardous chemicals, such as arsenic, embedded inside of it through a pressurizing process to preserve the wood from rot and termites.  This lumber is not only used for decks and fences, but also in children's play sets.  The only way to protect yourself from exposure to the arsenic is by completely encapsulating all surfaces.  This locks the chemicals into the wood and provides a barrier to the outside world.  For more information on this process, please inquire during a bid or give us a call at (402) 894-9001.